You may already found that unlike westerners Chinese people are more reserved for their feeling, but that doesn't mean people don't know how to express. This article gives you a list of words and phrases to say your feeling. Feel free to use them for the next time when your Chinese friends ask you '你好吗 Nǐ hǎo ma? -How are you?' with a new phrase!
1. Vocabulary for feelings and emotions:
快乐 kuài lè - happy
开心 kāi xīn - happy
高兴 gāo xìng - happy
愉快 yú kuài - happy
幸福 xìng fú - happiness
感动 gǎn dòng - touching, moved
惊喜 jīng xǐ - surprised (in a good way)
生气 shēng qì - angry
伤心 shāng xīn - sad
尴尬 gān gà - embarassed
害怕 hài pà - afraid, scared
敏感 mǐn gǎn - sensitive
无聊 wú liáo - bored
累 lèi - tired
痛苦 tòng kǔ - painful
惊讶 jīng yà - astonished
2. How to use these word?
Easy, all you have to do is to put the above words in this structure.
1）Subject + 很 hěn + Adjective for feeling, or
2）Subject + 有点儿 yǒu diǎnr + Adjective for only negative feeling
By using this structure, you can tell people how good/bad you feel, but be careful, you can only put negative feeling adjectives after 有点儿 yǒudiǎnr, which means a little bit. Also, the word 很 hěn should not be stressed and doesnt't really mean 'very'. People use the adverb 很 hěn because the adjective is used as predicate in the sentence, which needs a preceding adverb.
In addition, Chinese people only use a certain word for a certain phrase in a specific situation. Take the four 'happy' words in the list as example, they are normally used in these common phrases:
- 快乐 kuài lè:
To say I'm happy - Wǒ hěn kuàilè 我很快乐, and also specially for festival wishes, like Happy Birthday- Shēngrì kuàilè 生日快乐, Happy New Year - Xīnnián kuàilè新年快乐, Merry Christmas - Shèngdàn kuàilè 圣诞快乐, etc.
- 开心 kāi xīn:
To say I'm happy - Wǒ hěn kāixīn, and also for good wishes, like 'I wish you can be happy everyday' - wǒ xīwàng nǐ kěyǐ tiāntiān kāixī我希望你可以天天开心。
- 高兴 gāo xìng:
Except 'I'm happy - Wǒ hěn gāo xìng', this word is specially used to say 'Nice to meet you - Hěn gāoxìng rènshi nǐ 很高兴认识你'.
- 愉快 yú kuài：
This word is specially used to say Happy Weekend - Zhōumò yúkuài 周末愉快.
3. Verbs related to feelings:
喜欢 xǐ huan - like
爱 ài - love
担心 dān xīn - worry
讨厌 tǎo yàn - hate
Same like the adjectives, we can also use the same structure:
Subject + 很 hěn + Verb + Object
Subject + 有点儿 yǒudiǎnr + Verb (only for negative feeling) + Object
I'm not in good mood. 我心情不好。 wǒ xīn qíng bù hǎo
I'm very upset. 我很烦。wǒ hěn fán
Now I bet you have learned some useful vocabulary about express one's feelings. If you want to learn more about it , you can attend our daily Chinese course. Book a free trial class now!